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Surgery

 

Salivary Gland Surgery, Thyroid Surgery

 

  Among other functions, the thyroid produces hormones that help the body to use energy and keep warm. It is quite a small gland and sits in the front of the neck, near to where the "adam's apple" is in male patients. 

 

  Thyroid surgery  might be necessary for a number of different conditions such as goiters, (large swellings) or for overactive thyroid conditions, or cancerous or benign (non-cancerous) thyroid nodules. Only about 10% of thyroid nodules are malignant. The operation may involve removing all, or nearly all of the thyroid, depending on the diagnosis. Thyroid hormone replacement therapy is usually prescribed if the whole gland has been removed. Most patients are able to carry on their normal life the day after surgery  

 

  Salivary Gland treatment often demands micro-surgical techniques in the area of the parotid, or salivary gland which is roughly just below and forward of the ear, although there are several salivary glands in the mouth. Surgery, (partial or total parotidectomy)  may be required if the gland has a tumour, Recent advances in surgical techniques mean that minimally invasive techniques can be used, usually leaving the gland largely intact and causing much less damage to the facial nerves than traditional surgical methods.

 

  Salivary gland stones, another common condition, can often be removed without invasive surgery. In more than 80% of cases, salivary stones can be removed either under local anesthetic or under anesthetic for larger stones. Another common  salivary gland condition is a stricture, or blockage in the salivary duct itself. This can often be treated under local anesthetic with balloon dilation, or stretching the diameter of the duct itself from within.

 

 

Copyright N Kalavrezos 2013

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