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Types of Head & Neck Cancer

Facial Cancer


  The majority of facial skin cancers are caused by excessive exposure to the sun. The commonest type is basal cell carcinoma (BCC). It is closely related to chronic sun damage and fair-skinned individuals. The majority occurs on the face and it can appear as an ulcer or as a lump or a cyst on the skin.


  The second commonest skin cancer is squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) which predominantly affects the older age group among fair-skinned people again due to prolonged sun exposure. It occurs mainly on the face with a white scaly appearance, lump, ulcer or crusted plaque. SCC not only  spreads locally on the face but some can spread to the lymph glands in the neck. Surgery and/or radiotherapy are the main treatment of choice.


  Malignant melanoma is the last type of skin cancer. It can start on normal skin or within a previous mole. Over a long period of time (years), the mole may become larger or bleed or show changes in the colour, outline and surface of the lesion. The colour can vary and it may become like a lump. Any lump or ulcer on sun-damaged or sensitive facial skin or oral melanoma should be seen by a specialist Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeon for biopsy and treatment.





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